She rheynn jeh killag eh plasmey killag, as far-chrackan killag mygeayrt echey. Ta mynoltyn ayns plasmey killag chillagyn eukaryotagh, as far-chrackanyn rheynn y plasmey ayndaue veih'n phlasmey elley. Ta'n chooid smoo jeh obbraghyn killag taghyrt ayns y phlasmey killag.

Y plasmey killag nagh vel ayns mynoltyn, t'ad cur cytosol er. She mestey jeh snaieyn ushylagh killag, co-vreneenyn lheieit as ushtey t'ayn. Ta rheynn mooar jeh'n chillag lane dy chytosol.

Co-oltynEdit

Ta tree co-oltyn mooarey ec plasmey killag: cytosol, mynoltyn as goaillyn stiagh.

CytosolEdit

 
Proteenyn ayns rheynnyn killag as troggalyn, as proteen stroo-hoilshagh glass oc.

Y cytosol, shen y rheynn jeh'n chillag nagh vel stiagh mynolt far-chrackanagh. She fliughid trooid-hoilshagh t'ayn, as co-oltyn elley y phlasmey killag aynjee. Ta cytosol jannoo magh mysh 70% jeh'n chillag, as t'ee jeant jeh ushtey, sollanyn as co-vreneenyn orgaanagh[1]. Ta snaieyn proteenagh yn ushylagh killag aynjee, chammah's proteenyn lheieagh, as troggalyn mooar, myr ribbosoomyn[2].

MynoltynEdit

She rheynn far-chrackanagh ayns y chillag eh mynolt, as eshyn currit da obbyraghyn er lheh. Mynoltyn mooarey y chytosol, t'ad goaill stiagh mitochondria, moggyl endoplasmagh, y farrys Golgi, leesosoomyn, as chloroplastyn.

Goaillyn stiaghEdit

Goaillyn stiagh, t'ad nyn mreneenyn beggey dy stoo neulheieagh ta croghey ayns y chytosol. Foddee ymmodee reddyn ve nyn ngoaillyn stiagh: kelkium ocsaleit ny shillagon daa-osseed ayns killagyn lossreeyn[3][4], grineenyn dy stoo tashtey-bree myr stark[5] glycogen,[6] ny polyhydrocsybutyrate.[7] Ta bineenyn dy lipaidyn as proteen feer chadjin; ta prokaryota as eukaryota tashtey lipaidyn (myr sampleyr, geayr sahllagh ny sterol) ayns yn aght shen[8]. Ta bineenyn lipaid jannoo magh chooid mooar dy adipocyteyn, agh t'ad ry-akin ayns ymmodee killagyn elley myrgeddin.

ImraaghynEdit

  1. Cytoplasm Composition
  2. van Zon A, Mossink MH, Scheper RJ, Sonneveld P, Wiemer EA (Mean Fouyir 2003). "The vault complex" (Baarle). Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 60 (9): 1828–37. doi:10.1007/s00018-003-3030-y. PMID 14523546. 
  3. Prychid, Christina J.; Rudall, Paula J. (1999). "Calcium Oxalate Crystals in Monocotyledons: A Review of their Structure and Systematics". Annals of Botany 84 (6): 725. doi:10.1006/anbo.1999.0975. 
  4. Prychid, C. J.; Rudall, P. J.; Gregory, M. (2003). "Systematics and Biology of Silica Bodies in Monocotyledons". The Botanical Review 69 (4): 377–440. doi:10.1663/0006-8101(2004)069[0377:SABOSB]2.0.CO;2. 
  5. Ball SG, Morell MK (2003). "From bacterial glycogen to starch: understanding the biogenesis of the plant starch granule". Annual Review of Plant Biology 54: 207–33. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.54.031902.134927. PMID 14502990. 
  6. Shearer J, Graham TE (Averil 2002). "New perspectives on the storage and organization of muscle glycogen". Can J Appl Physiol 27 (2): 179–203. PMID 12179957. 
  7. Anderson AJ, Dawes EA (Mee ny Nollick 1990). "Occurrence, metabolism, metabolic role, and industrial uses of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates". Microbiology Reviews 54 (4): 450–72. PMID 2087222. PMC:372789. 
  8. Murphy DJ (Mean Fouyir 2001). "The biogenesis and functions of lipid bodies in animals, plants and microorganisms". Prog. Lipid Res. 40 (5): 325–438. PMID 11470496. 


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