Difference between revisions of "Yn Pholynn"

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Ta'n '''Pholynn''' ({{lang-pl|Polska}}), ny '''Pobblaght ny Polynn''' (''[[Rzeczpospolita]] Polska'') dy h-oikoil, ny çheer 'syn [[Yn Oarpey Veanagh|Oarpey Veanagh]].<ref>http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/gegn23wp48.pdf</ref><ref name="cia.gov">https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html</ref> T'ee çhemmit liorish [[Yn Ghermaan|y Ghermaan]] da'n sheear, liorish [[Yn Phobblaght Çheck|y Phobblaght Çheck]] as [[Yn Clovack|y Clovack]] da'n jiass, liorish [[yn Ookraan]], [[Yn Velaroosh|y Velaroosh]] as [[Yn Litaan|y Litaan]] da'n shiar, as liorish [[Yn Vooir Valtagh|y Vooir Valtagh]] as [[Queiggey Kaliningrad]] (paal Rooshagh) da'n twoaie. Ta'n Pholynn 312,679 km<sup>2</sup> er eaghtyr,<ref name="CSO_2008"/> as lesh shen t'ee ny [[Rolley çheeraghyn as thallooyn foddey ersooyl rere eaghtyr|69-oo çheer smoo]] 'sy theihll as ny 9-oo çheer smoo 'syn Oarpey. Ta ny smoo na 38&nbsp;millioonyn dy 'leih 'sy çheer,<ref name="CSO_2008"/> as lesh shen t'ee ny [[Rolley çheeraghyn rere earroo yn phobble|34-oo çheer smoo 'sy theihll rere sleih-earoo]]<ref>NationMaster.com 2003–2007, [http://www.nationmaster.com/country/pl-poland Poland, Facts and figures]</ref> as nane jeh ny çheeraghyn smoo pobbylagh 'syn [[Yn Unnaneys Oarpagh|Unnaneys Oarpagh]].
 
Ta bunneeaght y steat Polynnagh kianglt ny keayrtyn lesh doltys [[Creestiaght|ny Creestiaght]] liorish y reilleyder [[Mieszko I ny Polynn|Mieszko I]] ayns 966 BNJ, nar va'n steat coodaghey thalloo va unnane as thalloo ny Polynn noa-emshiragh. Ayns 1025 haink er y Pholynn dy ve ny [[Reeriaght ny Polynn (1025-1385)|reeriaght]] as ayns 1569, va [[Unnaneys Polynnagh-Litaanagh|copharteeys]] foddey eddyr ee as [[Ard-Diucaght ny]] shickyrit liorish fo-screeu [[Unnaneys Lublin]], as yn unnaneys shen goaill toshiaght jeh'n [[Co-unnaneys Polynnagh-Litaanagh|Cho-unnaneys Polynnagh-Litaanagh]]. Huitt y Co-unnaneys ayns 1795 as va [[Rheynn magh ny Polynn|thalloo ny Polynn rheynnit magh]] eddyr [[Reeriaght ny Proosh]], [[Impiraght ny Roosh]] as [[Reeriaght Habsburg|yn Austeyr]]. Hooar y Pholynn e neuchrogheydys reesht myr y [[Nah Phobblaght ny Polynn|Nah Phobblaght Pholynnagh]] ayns 1918, lurg [[y Chied Chaggey Dowanagh]], agh v'ee currit fo stiurey [[Yn Ghermaan Natseeagh|ny Germaan Natseeagh]] as [[yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh]] car y [[Nah Chaggey Dowanagh]]. Va ny smoo na shey millioonyn dy heyranee caillt ec y Pholynn 'sy Nah Chaggey Dowanagh, as ee irree magh shiartanse dy vleeantyn ny yei myr [[Pobblaght TheayaghDeynphobblaght ny Polynn]] çheusthie jeh'n [[Block y Hiar|Vlock Hiar]], fo cleayney lajer Soveidjagh.
 
Car ny [[Irreeyn magh ny bleeaney 1989|h-Irreeyn magh ayns 1989]], va [[Cummynys|reirey cummynagh]] currit haart as haink er y Pholynn dy ve currit er enney myr "Treeoo Phobblaght ny Polynn" rere y bunraght. Ta'n Pholynn ny [[steat unnaneagh]], as t'ee jeant seose jeh shey [[Queiggaghyn ny Polynn|queiggaghyn]] jeig ({{lang-pl|województwo}}). Ta'n Pholynn ny h-oltey jeh'n [[Unnaneys Oarpagh]], yn [[RCAH]], [[ny h-Ashoonyn Unnaneysit]], y [[Reagheydys Traghtee Dowanagh]], as yn [[RCTL]].